Ioan Ciorba, Laura Ardelean, Food Crises and Their Implications on the Emigration Phenomenon in Transylvania (18th Century–First Part of the 19th Century)

During the entire 18th century and during the first part of the next one Transylvania was confronted with repeated food crises (shortages due to poor crops and yields, weather conditions, sometimes with intervals of famine, etc.). The difficulties in purchasing food were frequently amplified by the high prices at which food was sold, which made life difficult for the poor people. The reaction of a part of the inhabitants of the Transylvanian area to this situation was that of leaving the province (temporarily or permanently) in search of places that could ensure their livelihood. Most left for Moldavia and the Wallachia, but there were cases of crossings to the hungarian plains, to the russian area, etc. There were situations in which their emigration was determined only by the scarcity or lack of available food. in many others, the triggering factors of the emigration trend were more complex, as religious, social, economic and other factors, along with the food shortages, combined to increase the phenomenon. our study aims to analyse the relationship between the food crises in this area and the emigration trend, making an inventory of them and outlining how the authorities, guided by populist principles, related to this challenge

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